Special to APTN National News
Article 1 UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
Indigenous peoples have the right to the full enjoyment, as a collective or as individuals, of all human rights and fundamental freedoms as recognized in the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and international human rights law.
Some days, I wake up and I put on my T-shirt that says ROGUE across the front in bright NDP-orange letters because I wake up in a society where I am expected to remain quiet, obedient and, most of all, grateful to a colonial government that even in the 21st century paternalistically denies Indigenous Peoples our rights under the premise that they know best. I am expected to be thankful for temporary, piecemeal measures to remedy crimes that the Canadian government has, and continues to, commit against my people. I am expected to wait patiently for meaningful legislative changes that will end the colonial occupancy of our Indigenous legal, economic and social systems. This society expects me to happily accept the mere pennies that they invest in funding our social services. Welcome to our dystopian present.
I suspect that one morning, Cindy Blackstock, from the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society, woke up and also decided to put on her anti-colonial regalia. Despite government patronizing and intimidation, Blackstock filed a discrimination complaint with the Canadian Human Rights Commission against Indian and Northern Affairs Canada. She argues that Canada knowingly and willingly discriminates against First Nation children by underfunding services on reserves.
On Jan, 26, 2016, one year ago Thursday, the Canadian Human Rights Tribunal found that the government of Canada discriminates against First Nation children by failing to fund child and welfare services adequately, and that First Nations children do not have access to timely services. The government was ordered to fix the broken system immediately.
Indigenous individuals have the rights to life, physical and mental integrity, liberty and security of person.
I have to use all 10 fingers and all 10 toes to count the number of Indigenous children I have known who have attempted or committed suicide. In the brave work of the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada, one little girl defined racial discrimination as “when the government doesn’t think you’re worth the money”. If that is how children feel today do we really have to ask ourselves why we have a suicide crisis in so many communities?
Indigenous communities live with the unspeakable trauma that comes from seeing children without hope. Each one of us has been stopped in our daily life by a message and a phone call letting us know of another desperate act by young person needing support. We have met for coffee, cried together, grieved alone, burned sage, placed tobacco, screamed at the world, and developed solutions to prevent another death.
Yet the government calls our solutions and proposals “awkward” and denies the funding that the Human Rights Tribunal ordered the government to provide. As Wapekeka First Nation member Joshua Frogg stated last week, “Awkward? It was awkward for us to bury two young children in the middle of the winter, in -30C, -40C weather. It was awkward to break ground in the permafrost so that we could bury these children. It was awkward for our youth to cry at the funeral.”
- Indigenous peoples have the right, without discrimination, to the improvement of their economic and social conditions, including, inter alia, in the areas of education, employment, vocational training and retraining, housing, sanitation, health and social security.
- States shall take effective measures and, where appropriate, special measures to ensure continuing improvement of their economic and social conditions. Particular attention shall be paid to the rights and special needs of indigenous elders, women, youth, children and persons with disabilities.
I have tremendous respect for law: honouring agreements we share, respecting human rights, striving for justice for all people. However, I believe that the government of Canada is more concerned with maintaining power and control than building a society that reflects our Charter of Rights. In fact, since the Human Rights Tribunals’ decision, the government has consistently shown contempt for law by ignoring court orders. The Liberals brag about their historic level of funding for First Nations, Métis and Inuit and yet, they supposedly can’t afford to fix First Nation child welfare discrimination, in spite of the Tribunal’s ruling and two compliance orders.
So today and every day, I am that rogue Indigenous person. We must hold the government accountable and insist on integrity from Canada’s political leaders. Our ancestors and our descendants will commend our actions, and we will live our inherent rights as original peoples in our territories. We will define the relationship between the state and our nations; the colonial government lost that ability a long time ago. Our youth will be surrounded by the strength and teachings of our peoples, find hope, and succeed with all the potential of their birthright. Justice now.
–Romeo Saganash is an NDP MP representing the Abitibi–Baie-James–Nunavik–Eeyou riding